Saadat Hasan Manto (mɑ:n,_-tɒ; سعادت حسن منٹو}, sa'ādat 'hasan 'maṅṭō; 11 May 1912 – 18 January 1955) was a Pakistani writer, playwright and author born in British India. Writing mainly in Urdu language, he produced 22 collections of short stories, a novel, five series of radio plays, three collections of essays, two collections of personal sketches. His best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Manto was known to write about the atrocious truths that no one dared to talk about. Manto is best known for his stories about the partition of India immediately following independence in 1947. Manto was tried for obscenity six times; thrice before 1947 in British India, and thrice after independence in 1947 in Pakistan, but never convicted.